The Vulcans or Vulcanians are a humanoid species widely known for their logical minds and stoic culture. Hailing from the planet Vulcan, the Vulcans were instrumentally responsible for the founding of the United Federation of Planets. They are known for their pointy ears and highly arched eyebrows.

Culturally one of the most fascinating species in the Federation, the Vulcans were once an extremely violent and emotional people (even by Earth standards) who waged almost constant warfare on one another. They believed in a variety of gods, such as war, peace and death. As their level of technology improved, the Vulcans eventually reached a point where their violent nature threatened species extinction, thus they gave up their violent nature and turned to logical thinking, which became a pivotal part of their modern culture.

Notes of Interest

The Vulcans are directly related to the Romulans, as the latter are the descendents of those Vulcans who rejected Surak's reforms during the Time of Awakening.

Vulcans are touch-telepaths, capable of linking their mind—either temporarily (such as a mind-meld) or in the case of a marriage bond, permanently, with another's mind by touching specific points on their fingers to specific points on the other's face. They can also experience pleasure with a mate by touching fingers; rather akin to a kiss. They can live to be 200 or more, and are several times stronger than humans, with greater reflexes and endurance.

For more information regarding the Vulcans, visit the link Vulcans - Memory Alpha